What happened to the aboriginal population as Australia was colonized?

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Which is the first country ruled by British?

Evolution of Dominions to independence

Is Australia still under the Queen?

The present monarch is Elizabeth II, styled Queen of Australia, who has reigned since 6 February 1952. Australia is thus one of the Commonwealth realms, sixteen independent countries that share the same person as monarch and head of state.

Did Australia benefit from the British Empire?

White subjects of self-governing settler colonies, Australians were economically and strategically among the greatest beneficiaries of Britain’s empire. The British Empire created the first truly global network of mass migration and free commercial exchange.

What happened when the British arrived in Australia?

The First Fleet of British ships arrived at Botany Bay in January 1788 to establish a penal colony, the first colony on the Australian mainland. The colonies voted by referendum to unite in a federation in 1901, and modern Australia came into being.

What impact did British Colonisation have on the indigenous population of Australia?

The most immediate consequence of colonisation was a wave of epidemic diseases including smallpox, measles and influenza, which spread ahead of the frontier and annihilated many Indigenous communities.

What happened to the aboriginal land when the British settled in Australia?

From 1788, Australia was treated by the British as a colony of settlement, not of conquest. Aboriginal land was taken over by British colonists on the premise that the land belonged to no-one (‘terra nullius’). Possession of Australia was declared on the basis of unilateral possession.

What happened to the aboriginal land when the British came?

To the Aboriginal people, however, this was their land. The lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples were profoundly changed by the arrival of British colonists in 1788. Lives were lost and land taken as the colonisers attempted to impose new social, economic and religious orders.

What happened to the aboriginal population as Australia was colonized?

After European settlers arrived in 1788, thousand of aborigines died from diseases; colonists systematically killed many others. At first contact, there were over 250,000 aborigines in Australia. The massacres ended in the 1920 leaving no more than 60,000.

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