Fred Korematsu refused to obey the wartime order to leave his home and report to a relocation camp for Japanese Americans. He was arrested and convicted. After losing in the Court of Appeals, he appealed to the United States Supreme Court, challenging the constitutionality of the deportation order.
Korematsu asked the Supreme Court of the United States to hear his case. On December 18, 1944, a divided Supreme Court ruled, in a 6-3 decision, that the detention was a “military necessity” not based on race.
Significance. Korematsu is the only case in Supreme Court history in which the Court, using a strict test for possible racial discrimination, upheld a restriction on civil liberties. The case has since been severely criticized for sanctioning racism.
Korematsu v. United States, 323 US 214 (1944), was a landmark US Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of a Presidential Order, which ordered Japanese-Americans into intenment camps during WWII. In a 3-6 decision, the Court sided with the government, ruling that the exclusion order was constitutional.
One may also ask, how did the Supreme Court rule in the case of Korematsu v United States? Korematsu v. United States, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court, on December 18, 1944, upheld (6–3) the conviction of Fred Korematsu—a son of Japanese immigrants who was born in Oakland, California—for having violated an exclusion order requiring him to submit to forced relocation during World War II.
What did the Supreme Court decide in Korematsu v United States quizlet?
When was Executive Order 9066 overturned?